The Carnival of Unidos Da Tijuca Samba-School – Origins and Background

The Carnival of Unidos Da Tijuca Samba-School – Origins and Background

In the culture of the Carnival in Brazil, samba-colleges participate in a important function, owning proven themselves as the heart institution. In Rio de Janeiro, there are probably additional than 100 samba-colleges of different measurements. On this posting, we will describe the emergence of “Unidos da Tijuca Samba-College”, the 3rd oldest samba-school in Brazil. The description of Unidos da Tijuca allows the comprehension of the method of conception of a normal samba-faculty in Brazil, since other colleges went via quite identical historic paths. Like most samba-school founders, Unidos da Tijuca “fathers” aimed to protect the roots of regular Brazilian folklore as nicely as to battle for well-known causes. Fights that ended up usually existing on their ancestors’ blood and soul, experienced and purged from the cultural expression that the beloved and grew: the samba. Let´s see how the story of this samba-college helps in the comprehension of the samba and Carnaval society in Brazil.


Considering that the twentieth century, the hilly chain from Tijuca mountain ( later on grew to become a community ) in Rio, started off to be inhabited by slaves, descendents and freed slaves that still left the bankrupt espresso zone of the Paraíba Valley ( involving Rio and São Paulo.) The wealthiest class that inhabited the Usina and Tijuca neighborhoods was totally decadent. It was during this time that Tijuca founder’s family members – the Moraes, the Chagas, the Santos and the Vasconcelos – bought put in at the slum advanced of “Borel” in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

The Guild was established from the merger of four street carnival teams that existed at the “Casa Branca” slum, “Formiga slum” and at Velhacos Island. In 1931, on December 31st, at the starting of São Miguel Street’s ascent, on number 130 household number 20, adult males and ladies collected to found Unidos da Tijuca Samba-college.

The documents clearly show the samba-school’s founders to be: Bento Vasconcelos (the leader), Leandro Chagas (organizer and disciplinarian), Alcides de Moraes (harmony director) and his brothers and cousins with their families, that composed school’s basis: Jorge Vasconcelos, Pacífico Vasconcelos, João de Almeida, and Ismael de Moraes among other folks.

Initial Parades

At very first, the samba-university paraded surrounded by a rope, with lamp carriers that lightened the Carnival procession. The methods for the parade ended up gathered by community households, which contributed fiscally signing the aged “golden guide”. At the time, Unidos da Tijuca Samba-Faculty paraded with a 6 to eight sticks arbor, decorated with flowers, garlands and paper ornaments. In the entrance, samba-university associates paraded dressed as animals: frogs, donkey and in 1936, year that they obtained the initially place. The members manufactured a reverence, opening passage by way of the folks. The “baianas wing”, dressed in cetin and cotton, paraded alongside the aspect of the guild in a wing with a cortege structure, filling the spaces. Next that, came the mestre-sala ( Samba-Host ) and the porta-bandeira ( Flag-Bearer) and men and women forming the school’s quire that supported the chant, all of the board of directors and university drum part with tambourines, cuícas, a surdo, a tarol, a viola and a cavaquinho, all recently developed samba instruments.

During the 40’s and 50’s occurred a dissent and other guilds were being started, these as the extinct Estrela da Tijuca Samba-School and Recreio da Mocidade, and the nevertheless existing Império da Tijuca, all composed by previous associates of Unidos da Tijuca. The college went by a couple of internal crises and a lot of challenges and, in 1959, was demoted to the 2nd Team, struggling a great emptying.

School’s restructuring On the 70’s, the leaders of the Unidos da Tijuca commenced to change this problem all around seeking for new men and women to regain school’s prestige. With the advisement of the outdated members and the interaction with the local community, the guild improved noticeably their effects on the contests. Throughout this interval, other artists contributed to the increase of the university. Among them, Laíla (famous Carnival Producer from Beija-Flor), joined Unidos da Tijuca. Paulo César Cardoso introduced one of the most modern day and nationalist themes and Renato Lage (two revered Brazilian Carnival Producers) produced wonderful sceneries, combining the conventional to the modern day, remaining responsible for the rise of the school to the First Group in 1980, immediately after remaining for 22 bitter decades on the Accessibility Team, in Rio Carnival Association.

Even so, all through this decade, Unidos da Tijuca went by means of a different challenging period of time and attended alternately the Access Team for another 2 years, in 85 and 87. The past time they have been demoted was in 1998, when the presented a concept that created a tribute to the Portuguese voyager Vasco da Gama. From 2004 onwards, with the choosing of carnaval producer Paulo Barros, Unidos da Tijuca surprises and conquered the community and the push, guarantying its place amongst the initial number of placements, presenting just about every year impressive and admirable Carnaval parades. The rescue of the self esteem of Tijuca neighborhood people occurred they started off to believe that far more in their school, at the very same time as their guild obtained new fans, starting to be seen by all with the regard and recognition they deserved.

Given that 2006 the guild began to conduct a “technological rehearsal”, in entrance of the old shed, at Venezuela Avenue in Rio, with the function to consider wing performances and rhythm. This initiative contributed considerably with the final result of the parades. (Specialized Rehearsal is a expression offered in the Brazilian Carnaval for a samba-university rehearsal that mimics the formal parade during Carnival.)

Symbols and colours: It’s not by probability that Unidos da Tijuca has the royal peacock as image and the blue and golden yellow as their colours. There are two stories that justify the adoption of this identification by the school.

It truly is been instructed that, at the time it was started, the school adopted at first as symbol the shield represented by intertwined palms in union with coffee and tobacco branches, in referral to the neighborhood of previous Tijuca, with its plantations. The colours golden yellow and peacock blue were adopted from the Casa de Bragança, colors utilized on the imperial court and that represent the proof of very good style on their apparel. Both equally image and shades, assigned as recommendations of Bento Vasconcelos, a person of Unidos da Tijuca’s principal founders.

One more principle registers that in 1931, on the base of the slum of Borel, there was a large cigarette, tobacco and Borel Snuff Co. manufacturing unit. The placing determine of the royal peacock, in blue and golden yellow, was stamped on the package deal of some of their solutions. On the 31st of December of that similar yr, around there, on the beginning of São Miguel Road, community and nearby people founded the Unidos da Tijuca, adopting the peacock as symbol and the colors in reference to that firm’s logo. Having said that to include things like the peacock as symbol of Tijuca on the opening wing float there is certainly a further story explained to: in 1983, in between the months of august and September, through the samba theme dispute for 1984’s carnaval, the university was getting ready themselves to open the Special Group’s parade, launching this way the Sambadrome.

The peacock was now school’s flashy symbol with the colours of the guild in t-shirts with that year’s theme advertised “Salamaleikum, a epopéia dos insubmissos males”. It also has been told that the samba composer Carlinhos Melodia advised to the President at the time Luis Carlos Cruz that a peacock should really be put on the opening wing for the reason that whilst the other people faculties had birds and other flashy animals, contacting the public’s consideration, the aged school image (to intertwined palms surrounded by branches of espresso and tobacco, with the letters UT, abbreviation of Unidos da Tijuca) brought a which means of suffering and resistance. From this level onwards, presented the composer’s suggestion, Unidos da Tijuca substituted the prior symbol and in 1984, entered for the very first time the avenue with a peacock as important image.

Unidos da Tijuca, like most colleges, has advanced immensely in terms of composition and professionalism, obtaining two 2nd locations around the previous five several years. The school innovated and turned known for being the first to existing choreography performers mounted in floats, establishing what is now identified as as “human sculptures” on the carnival parade. Money and organizational developments led Unidos da Tijuca to continue being component of the elite club of samba-universities in Rio, which involve famous Mangueira, Beija-Flor, Portela, and Mocidade Samba-Schools. Honoring its multi-cultural history with Portuguese, Brazilian, and indigenous influences, the samba-school from the classic Tijuca community in Rio is now regarded Brazil vast far too for the reason that of its well known products and samba celebrities these as Adriane Galisteu and Fábia Borges. As most samba-colleges in Rio de Janeiro, Unidos da Tijuca went as a result of a tough period of time of professionalization which not only kept it alive, but gave toughness for a new era. Right now, in the Carnival of Brazil ( and also samba scenario ), there are no far more areas for amateurs, and most contributors have realized that the world´s premier present, could only go on with its magic with new policies and challenges whom of which samba-educational facilities have contributed definitively.